2015 ALL SCR 576
GOPALA GOWDA AND C. NAGAPPANT, JJ.
Kunwarpal @ Surajpal & Ors. Vs. State of Uttarakhand & Anr.
Criminal Appeal No.820 of 2010
9th December, 2014
Petitioner Counsel: Mr. PRAFULLA K. BEHERA, Mr. S.S. NEHRA
Respondent Counsel: Mr. RAJIV RANJAN DWIVEDI, Mr. MUKESH VERMA, Mr. JATINDER KUMAR BHATIA, Mr. RAJIV NANDA
Penal Code (1860), S.300 - Murder - Appeal against conviction - Case of prosecution that accused persons armed with lathies and tabbal came to field and assaulted deceased - FIR lodged by complainant on basis of information furnished by eye-witness about occurrence - Non-mentioning of names of all witnesses in FIR does not affect prosecution case - Evidence of independent witnesses corroborate each other and there is no reason for them to falsely depose against accused persons - There is no foundation established for plea of false implication on account of enmity - But evidence showing that enmity has led to occurrence - Conviction and sentence imposed upon accused - Cannot be interfered with. (Paras 12, 13, 14, 15, 16)
Nirpal Singh & Ors. Vs. State of Haryana, (1977) 2 SCC 131 [Para 12]
Bhagwan Singh & Ors. Vs. State of Madhya Pradesh, 2002 ALL MR (Cri) 1434 (S.C.)=(2002) 4 SCC 85 [Para 12]
Raj Kishore Jha Vs. State of Bihar & Ors., 2003 ALL MR (Cri) 2339 (S.C.)=(2003) 11 SCC 519 [Para 12]
Ruli Ram & Anr. Vs. State of Haryana, 2003 ALL MR (Cri) 145 (S.C.)=(2002) 7 SCC 691 [Para 15]
State of Punjab Vs. Sucha Singh & Ors., 2003 ALL MR (Cri) 783 (S.C.)=(2003) 3 SCC 153 [Para 15]
2. Appellants 1 to 4 stood charged for the offence under Section 302/34 in Sessions Trial No.195 of 1991 on the file of Additional Sessions Judge Roorkee and the Trial Court convicted all and sentenced them each to undergo life imprisonment and to pay a fine of Rs.500 in default, to undergo rigorous imprisonment for one year each. Accused Nos. 1 to 4 preferred appeal in Criminal Appeal No.1418 of 2001 on the file of High Court and the appeal came to be dismissed. Challenging the conviction and sentence accused Nos. 1 to 4 preferred the present appeal. During the hearing the learned senior counsel appearing for the appellants submitted that appellant No.4 Atara Singh died during pendency of the appeal and it was endorsed by the learned counsel appearing for the respondent-State. Hence the appeal stands abated insofar as he is concerned.
3. Shorn of unnecessary details the case of the prosecution is as follows: PW1 Gajendra is the son of deceased Ranjit Singh. Accused Nos. 1 to 3 are real brothers. Accused No.4 is their cousin. PW1 Gajendra owned plot No.180 in village Mohammadpur Panda and the adjacent plot belonged to the accused persons and on account of the pending litigation between them there was enmity.
4. On 14.4.1991 at about 11.00 a.m. PW2 Suggan and Jai Ram were cutting wheat in the field of PW1 Gajendra and Ranjit Singh came to the field. Thereafter accused Nos.1 to 4 armed with lathies and tabbal came there and threatened Ranjit Singh to withdraw the case against them and beat him with lathies and tabbal . PW 2 Suggan, PW3 Atmaram and PW4 Chaman Lal and others saw the occurrence. Ranjit Singh became unconscious. PW2 Suggan informed PW1 Gajendra about the occurrence. PW1 Gajendra came and took his father injured Ranjit Singh to JNSM Hospital Roorkee. Dr. Jugal Kishore Mittal examined Ranjit Singh at 1.20 p.m. on 14.4.1991 in the said hospital and admitted him as inpatient. At about 5.30 p.m. on same day PW1 Gajendra lodged Ex.Ka-1 written complaint in the Police Station, Bhagwanpur and a case under Sections 323, 324, 506 and 307 IPC was registered against the accused persons. Exh. Ka-4 is the First Information Report, Exh. Ka-70 is the G.D. Report. PW9 Sub-Inspector R.S. Tiwari took up the investigation and examined PWs 2 to 4 and some other witnesses. On 15.4.1991 Ranjit Singh succumbed to his injuries. The First Information Report was altered and the investigation was taken up by SHO Ajay Kumar and he visited the place of occurrence and prepared Exh.Ka-8 plan and seized the blood stained clothes under Exh.Ka-9 Memo. He conducted inquest and prepared Exh.Ka-5 report. He gave Exh.Ka-11 requisition for conducting post mortem.
i) Stitched wound 4 cm x 4 stitches on beam of head, 12 cm from left ear.
ii) Traumatic swelling 10 cm x 7 cm on beam of right upper arm.
iii) Traumatic swelling 22 cm x 7 cm on beam of right forearm and hand and there was fracture on both bones of right forearm.
iv) Stitched wound 2 cm x 2 stitches on beam of left upper arm 4 cm above left elbow.
v) Abraded contusion with traumatic swelling 14 cm x 8 cm on beam of left elbow on upper arm, and fracture of shaft of humerus
vi) Traumatic swelling 6 cm x 4 cm on beam of left wrist joint and fracture of ulna lower end.
vii) Abraded contusion 4 cm x 3 cm on lateral part of right side chest, 6 cm below right nipple.
viii) Contusion 10 cm x 8 cm on left side of chest, 6 cm below the nipple.
ix) Contusion 20 cm x 10 cm on right thigh.
x) Abrasion 2 cm x 1 cm on right side of right knee joint
xi) Stitched wound 4 cm x 4 stitches on front side of right leg.
xii) Stitched wound 3 cm x 2 stitches on front part left leg.
xiii) Abraded contusion 10 cm x 5 cm on lower part of left leg
xiv) Abrasion 2 cm x 1 cm on left side of iliac crest.
xv) Contusions of 28 cm x 18 cm on beam of left side chest and abdomen.
On internal examination he found fracture of 4th to 7th ribs on right side and 3rd to 8th ribs on the left side. He expressed opinion that the death has occurred on account of shock and hemorrhage due to ante-mortem injuries.
6. During the trial prosecution examined PWs 1 to 9 and marked documents. The accused persons were examined under Section 313 Criminal Procedure Code and their answers were recorded. No witness was examined on their side. The Trial Court convicted all the accused and sentenced them as stated above. The appeal preferred by the accused came to be dismissed and hence they have filed the present appeal.
7. Mr. K.T.S. Tulsi, senior counsel appearing for some of the appellants, contended that the alleged eye witnesses to the occurrence PW3 Atmaram and PW4 Chaman Lal are chance witnesses and there is significant absence of their names in the FIR and the occurrence took place in a different village and even if they were present they could not have seen the occurrence and PW3 Atmaram had animosity against accused no.1 Kunwarpal @ Surajpal since marriage proposal of his sister's sister-in-law with A1 failed and the prosecution has not proved motive and it is unsafe to convict the appellants/accused and the impugned judgment is liable to be set aside.
8. Mr. Gurukrishna Kumar, senior counsel appearing for the other appellants, contended that PW3 Atmaram and PW4 Chaman Lal were not aware of the name of the village where the land they were harvesting is situated and they could not have witnessed the occurrence from a distance of about 450Ft. and the entire story is not narrated in the complaint and the said factors if taken individually may not be significant but taken cumulatively, the presence of the said witnesses in the occurrence place is doubtful and the conviction imposed on them cannot be sustained.
9. Per contra, Mr. Jatinder Kumar Bhatia, counsel for the first respondent-State and Mr. J.C. Gupta, senior counsel appearing for the second respondent, contended that village Mohammedpur Panda and Almaspur are adjacent villages and the occurrence land lies in the border of both the villages and the occurrence took place during harvest season and PW3 Atmaram and PW4 Chaman Lal were harvesting crops in the nearby land and on hearing the hue and cry of Ranjit Singh they happened to see accused nos.1 to 4 attacking Ranjit Singh with tabbal and lathis and there is no requirement of mentioning the names of all the witnesses in the FIR and the statements of witnesses were recorded by the Investigation Officer on the occurrence night itself and relying on the testimonies of the eye witnesses, the courts below have convicted the accused and it is sustainable.
10. The occurrence had taken place at 11.00 a.m. on 14.4.1991 in the field of Ranjit Singh when PW2 Suggan and Jai Ram were harvesting the wheat crop in the said field. PW2 Suggan informed PW1 Gajendra Singh, son of Ranjit Singh, about the occurrence, who rushed to the place of occurrence and took severely injured Ranjit Singh to Roorkee hospital and after admitting him there, lodged Exh.Ka-1 complaint at Police Station Bhagwanpur leading to registration of case against the accused persons. On the death of Ranjit Singh on 15.4.1991 in the hospital the offence was altered to one of murder. Though PW1 Gajendra Singh is the author of FIR, he has not witnessed the occurrence and he has lodged the complaint on the basis of information furnished by PW2 Suggan, in which he has mentioned about the attack with weapons made by all the four accused on his father Ranjit Singh during the occurrence. Though Suggan was examined as PW2, he did not support the prosecution case and was declared hostile.
11. PW3 Atmaram and PW4 Chaman Lal were examined by the prosecution as having witnessed the occurrence. The agricultural land of PW3 Atmaram in village Almaspur lay near the agricultural land of Ranjit Singh in village Mohammedpur Panda. According to the PW3 Atmaram the boundary of land of both villages join at the place of occurrence. PW3 Atmaram and PW4 Chaman Lal have testified that they were harvesting the crop of wheat in the agricultural land of PW3 Atmaram in the morning on the occurrence day and at 11.00 a.m. they were eating breads sitting on tube-well and on hearing shrieks of Ranjit Singh they stood up and saw accused no.1 Kunwarpal with pointed tabbal and the other three accused with lathis attacking Ranjit Singh with the said weapons and when they went near, the accused fled away. They have further testified that PW2 Suggan and Jai Ram were cutting wheat in the occurrence land and they also witnessed the occurrence.
12. It cannot be denied that the occurrence took place during harvest season and PW3 Atmaram was harvesting the crop of wheat in his land with the help of PW4 Chaman Lal. Their presence near the occurrence place is natural and they cannot be termed as chance witnesses as contended by the appellants. It is true that their names are not found mentioned in the FIR. As already seen, the complaint was lodged by PW1 Gajendra Singh on the basis of information furnished by PW2 Suggan about the occurrence. There is no requirement of law for mentioning the names of all the witnesses in the FIR, the object of which is only to set the criminal law in motion [Nirpal Singh & Ors. Vs. State of Haryana (1977) 2 SCC 131; Bhagwan Singh & Ors. Vs. State of Madhya Pradesh (2002) 4 SCC 85 : [2002 ALL MR (Cri) 1434 (S.C.)]; Raj Kishore Jha Vs. State of Bihar & Ors. (2003) 11 SCC 519 : [2003 ALL MR (Cri) 2339 (S.C.)]]. In this context it is relevant to point out that the statements of all witnesses were recorded by the Investigation Officer in the night of the occurrence day itself. Non mention of the names of PW3 Atmaram and PW4 Chaman Lal in the FIR does not affect the prosecution case as rightly held by the courts below.
13. The other contention raised by the learned counsel of the appellants is that PW3 Atmaram and PW4 Chaman Lal being at a distance of 450 Ft. from the occurrence place could not have seen the attack made on Ranjit Singh. The site plan prepared by the Investigation Officer is exhibited in the case and it shows the occurrence place as well as the land belonging to PW3 Atmaram. Harvesting of the wheat crop in the land of PW3 Atmaram commenced one day prior to the day of occurrence and got completed just before the occurrence. In their testimonies PW3 Atmaram and PW4 Chaman Lal have stated that they could view the occurrence from the place where they were standing and when they rushed near all the accused fled away. Evidence on record discloses that there was no standing crop in between the lands and the view was clear enabling them to see the occurrence and there is no doubt in it. It was argued on behalf of the appellants that PW3 Atmaram had animosity against accused no.1 Kunwarpal since marriage of his sister's sister-in-law with A1 failed. PW3 Atmaram in his cross-examination has admitted that there was marriage proposal of accused no.1 Kunwarpal with his sister's sister-in-law and that did not materialize and he was not the person who mediated it and he has also specifically denied the suggestion that he developed animosity against A1 in this regard. Hence this contention of the appellants is devoid of merit. As already seen PW3 Atmaram and PW4 Chaman Lal are independent witnesses and their testimonies corroborate each other and there is no reason for them to falsely depose against the accused persons and nothing is elicited in the cross-examination to discredit their testimonies and they are credible and merit acceptance.
15. According to the complainant there was litigation between them and the accused persons leading to enmity. PW3 Atmaram has also stated that there was litigation between them and it culminated in the occurrence. Animosity is a double edged sword. While it can be a basis for false implication, it can also be a basis for the crime [Ruli Ram & Anr. Vs. State of Haryana (2002) 7 SCC 691 : [2003 ALL MR (Cri) 145 (S.C.)]; State of Punjab Vs. Sucha Singh & Ors. (2003) 3 SCC 153 : [2003 ALL MR (Cri) 783 (S.C.)]]. In the instant case there is no foundation established for the plea of false implication advanced by the accused and on the other hand evidence shows that enmity has led to the occurrence. The conviction and sentence imposed on the appellants is based on proper appreciation of evidence on record and does not call for any interference.